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1 Boeing 747

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The Boeing 747’s 1969 maiden flight changed travel forever—making commercial passenger air travel efficient, affordable and accessible to nearly everyone. Though sales started slow, the 747 would go on to become the most recognized plane in the world.

What started as a U.S. Department of Defense project in 1973 to create a stable satellite pagenavigation system has become nothing short of integral to everyday life. Allowed for civilian use in the 1980s, GPS is now the lifeblood of everything from internet of things applications to the precise time synchronization for cellular networks, banking systems and power grids—not to mention allowing everyday users to figure out how to get from Point A to B with a few taps.

3 Curitiba BRT

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When the growing city of Curitiba, Brazil needed a flexible, efficient, budget-friendly public transportation option in the 1970s, its leaders landed on the idea of reinventing buses. The new system provided dedicated lanes, sleek glass stops and special prepayment options to move travelers quickly. The bus rapid transit system is now an infrastructure staple in cities around the world.

Originally designed as gas-turbine-powered turbotrains, France’s TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse) prototypes pivoted to electric power after the 1973 oil crisis. The move was a good one: It was one of the first ultra-fast bullet trains and sparked a copycat trend across Europe. The line still carries more than 110 million riders annually.

This first mass-produced hybrid electric car was a mega success when it debuted in 1997, taking the technology mainstream while tripling Toyota’s initial sales projections. The innovations didn’t stop there: Later Prius models featured advancements in lithium-ion battery design, regenerative braking, solar-powered cooling and plant-derived plastics.

6 Shanghai Maglev

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It ranked as the world’s fastest magnetic levitation train when it debuted in 2004. And it shows no sign of slowing down: An upgrade now in the prototype stage could push speeds as high as 373 miles (600 kilometers) per hour.

Without a single car in its inventory, Uber managed to disrupt transportation around the world by ushering in app-enabled peer-to-peer ride-shares. While the company has seen plenty of pushback surrounding legislation, passenger safety and driver pay since its launch in 2009, it boasts 91 million monthly active users and revenues of US$11.3 billion.

8 McLaren F1

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With a price tag of more than £500,000, it’s no surprise that McLaren sold only 64 road-ready vehicles from its F1 series during the car’s commercial production in the 1990s. But what buyers got is possibly one of the very best street-legal supercars ever built. Created entirely from carbon fiber—a first—the light body allowed McLaren to design a vehicle that could comfortably carry three passengers while keeping it faster than any car on the road.

9 Queen Mary 2

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The largest ocean liner—and fastest cruise ship—ever built when it was christened in 2004, this luxury ship required just 40 percent more steel than a standard cruise ship, thanks to its ingenious design. Today, more than 2,500 passengers can pile on board for routine crossings of the Atlantic Ocean.

10 Tesla Roadster

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The Roadster wasn’t the first electric car when it hit the market in 2008. But with the ability to go from 0 to 60 miles (97 kilometers) per hour in 3.7 seconds and reach 244 miles (393 kilometers) on a full charge, it was the first electric vehicle to match the performance of gasoline-powered sports cars. It has inspired automakers and drivers to look at electric-powered cars in a whole new way.